Transplantation of CTLA4Ig gene-transduced adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells reduces inflammatory immune response and improves Th1/Th2 balance in experimental autoimmune thyroiditis.
Background: Autoimmune thyroiditis is one of common organ-specific autoimmune disease. The aim of this study was to observe the effect of adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (ATMSC) and CTLA4Ig genetransduced ATMSC on autoimmune thyroiditis. Methods Experimental autoimmune thyroiditis was induced by immunization with thyroglobulin. Animals were divided into three groups: (i) a half million of human ATMSC, (ii) a half million of murine CLTA4Ig gene-transduced human ATMSC (CTLA4Ig-MSC), or (iii) normal saline (as control), which were administered intravenously four times within a 3-week period. Blood and tissue samples were collected 1 week after the last cell transplantation.
Results: The absorbance of serum thyroglobulin autoantibody (TgAA) in the CTLA4Ig-MSC group was considerably lower than those in other groups. In culture supernatant of LPS-stimulated spleen cells, both of the MSC-treated
groups showed significantly lower absorbances of TgAA than the control.
Flow cytometric analysis of spleen cells revealed a significant decrease in the proportion of CD3+ and CD11b in the CTLA4Ig-MSC group compared to the other groups. Lymphocyte infiltration in the thyroid glands was also
dramatically decreased in both of MSC-treated groups. Cytokine analysis showed that ATMSC decreased the production of proinflammatory cytokines and improved the Th1/Th2 balance by down-regulating Th1 cytokines.
Conclusion: Although CTLA4Ig-MSC transplantation had better result in reduction of serum TgAA, both of ATMSC and CTLA4Ig-MSC transplantations are promising treatments for autoimmune thyroiditis judging from the results of histopathology and cytokine analysis. They may be attractive candidates for treating organ-specific autoimmune disease.
발행연도 : 2011. Jan
저자 : Choi EW, Shin IS, Lee HW, Park SY, Park JH, Nam MH, Kim JS, Woo SK, Yoon EJ, Kang SK, Ra JC, Youn HY, Hong SH
출처 : J Gene Med
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